Thinai or Foxtail millet, scientific name Setaria italica (synonym Panicum italicum L.) is an annual grass grown for human food. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet and the most grown millet species in Asia. Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. The gruel made from millet, the staple of Ancient Tamils, is called kali, moddak kali, kuul, or sangati. It has been a staple diet among people for a long time from the Sangam period. It is referred to often in old Tamil texts and is commonly associated with Lord Muruga and his consort Valli.
100 grams of Foxtail millet contains 12 g of moisture, 351 calories, 11.2 g of protein, 4 g of total fat, 63.2 g of carbohydrate, and 6.7 g of crude fiber. It grants 803 g of isoleucine, 1764 g of leucine, 103 g of tryptophan, 328 g of threonine, 233 g of lysine, 0.6 mg of thiamin, 63.2 g of carbohydrate, 2.8 mg of iron, 11.2 mg of protein, 3.2 mg of niacin, 4 g of lipid fat, 0.1 mg of riboflavin and 31 mg of calcium.
Due to the presence of lycine and methionine (amino acids) present in foxtail millets, they help in the formation of collagen which helps in slowing the appearance of wrinkles.
Thinai is a rich source of phosphorus which is an important mineral for energy production and is an essential component of ATP- an energy store in our body.
Foxtail Millets has a low glycemic index and is a fantastic substitute for food and other grains. It increases the blood sugar levels slowly as energy is produced to perform functional activities.
Add fiber to your food slowly and take plenty of water. This is an important tip for every woman. In India, one woman is diagnosed with breast cancer every four minutes and one woman with breast cancer dies every 13 minutes.
Iron is directly associated with brain functions. It supplies oxygen to the brain as it uses 20% of the brain oxygen. The sufficient amount of blood received by the brain helps to promote cognitive functions and prevents Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.
It also contains prebiotic which helps to increase the good bacteria in our gut system and aids digestion.
Who doesn’t like dosa? In our day to day life, idly or dosa comes in handy as tiffin. Here is the recipe to make Thinai Dosa
Steps to do: