Some Common Nutrient Deficiencies

When you miss out on essential nutrients that are a must take up for your body, you are prone to get some deficiency symptoms. Depending on the nutrient, the symptoms vary.

This article lists 7 nutrient deficiencies that are incredibly common.

  1. Iron deficiency

Iron is an essential mineral.

It’s a large component of red blood cells, in which it binds with hemoglobin and transports oxygen to your cells.

Iron deficiency is very common, especially among young women, children, and vegetarians. It may cause anemia, fatigue, a weakened immune system, and impaired brain function.

  1. Iodine deficiency

Iodine is an essential mineral for normal thyroid function and the production of thyroid hormones.

Thyroid hormones are involved in many bodily processes, such as growth, brain development, and bone maintenance. They also regulate your metabolic rate. It affects nearly one-third of the world population.

It may cause enlargement of the thyroid gland. Severe iodine deficiency can cause mental retardation and developmental abnormalities in children.

 3. Vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that functions like a steroid hormone in your body. It travels through your bloodstream and into cells, telling them to turn genes on or off. Almost every cell in your body has a receptor for vitamin D.

Vitamin D is produced from cholesterol in your skin upon exposure to sunlight. Symptoms include muscle weakness, bone loss, an increased risk of fractures, and — in children — soft bones. It is very difficult to get sufficient amounts from your diet alone.

  1. Vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin. It is essential for blood formation, as well as brain and nerve function.

Every cell in your body needs B12 to function normally, but your body is unable to produce it. Therefore, you must get it from food or supplements.

Vitamin B12 deficiency is very common, especially in vegetarians, vegans, and older adults. The most common symptoms include blood disorders, impaired brain function, and elevated homocysteine levels.

  1. Calcium deficiency

Calcium is essential for every cell in your body. It mineralizes bones and teeth, especially during times of rapid growth. It is also very important for bone maintenance.

Additionally, calcium serves as a signaling molecule. Without it, your heart, muscles, and nerves would not be able to function.

Low calcium intake is very common, especially in women of all ages and older adults. The main symptom of calcium deficiency is an increased risk of osteoporosis later in life.

  1. Vitamin A deficiency

Vitamin A is an essential fat-soluble vitamin. It helps form and maintains healthy skin, teeth, bones, and cell membranes. Furthermore, it produces eye pigments, which are necessary for vision.

Vitamin A deficiency is very common in many developing countries. It may cause eye damage and blindness, as well as suppress immune function and increase mortality among women and children.

  1. Magnesium deficiency

Magnesium is a key mineral in your body.

Essential for bone and teeth structure, it’s also involved in more than 300 enzyme reactions. Click here to know more.

The Takeaway

It is possible to be deficient in almost every nutrient. That said, the deficiencies listed above are by far the most common. The best way to prevent deficiency is to eat a balanced diet that includes whole, nutrient-dense foods. However, supplements may be necessary for those who can’t obtain enough from diet alone.

References: Link

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