Introduction to Surya Namaskar

Surya Namaskar (Sanskrit: सूर्यनमस्कार), Salute to the Sun or Sun Salutation, is a practice in yoga as exercise incorporating a sequence of twelve gracefully linked asanas. The asana sequence originated in the Hatha Yoga tradition on 9th century in India. The set of 12 asanas is dedicated to the vedic-hindu solar deity Surya. In some Indian traditions, the positions are each associated with a different mantra.

The name Surya Namaskar is from the Sanskrit सूर्य, “Sun” and नमस्कार, “Greeting” or “Salute”. Surya is the Hindu god of the sun. This identifies the Sun as the soul and source of all life.

The origins of Surya Namaskar are vague; Indian tradition connects the 17th century saint Samarth Ramdas with Surya Namaskar exercises, without defining what movements were involved. It is a sequence of around twelve yoga asanas connected by jumping or stretching movements, varying somewhat between schools. In Iyengar Yoga, the basic sequence of asanas is:

  1. Tadasana,
  2. Urdhva Hastasana,
  3. Uttanasana,
  4. Uttanasana with head up,
  5. Adho Mukha Svanasana,
  6. Urdhva Mukha Svanasana,
  7. Chaturanga Dandasana, and
  8. then reversing the sequence to return to Tadasana;

Other poses can be inserted into the sequence.

Benefits of Suryanamaskaram

  1. Improves Blood Circulation of the Body

Surya Namaskar is a great way of detoxing your body and helping it get rid of excess carbon dioxide and other toxic gases.

  1. Weight loss

When done at a fast pace, it is a great cardiovascular workout that stretches the abdominal muscles while simultaneously helping you reduce excess weight around your stomach. The asanas also result in toning your arms, abs, and giving great flexibility to your spine. Moreover, it helps to strengthen your entire skeletal system including your ligaments.

  1. Promotes a Regular Menstrual Cycle

If you’re facing the problem of an irregular menstrual cycle, these asanas will help you suppress this irregularity and if practiced daily, it ensures easy childbirth.

  1. Benefits of your Skin and Hair

By incorporating it into your routine it will keep you youthful and healthy even in old age. It improves your blood circulation that aids in bringing back the glow on your face; preventing the onset of wrinkles, making your skin look ageless and radiant. It also prevents hair loss and the aging of hair.

  1. Anti-anxiety and Calming Properties

Surya Namaskar helps to improve memory and the nervous system. Moreover, it stabilizes the activity of the endocrine and thyroid glands, thereby reducing anxiety and inducing the sensation of complete calmness and tranquility.

Sun Salutes are often performed in sets of five, but if you are new to the practice, it’s wise, to begin with, two or three. Each time you flow through this sequence, synchronize your breath with the movements of your body.

Fact: Practicing the cycle of suryanamaskaram, 108 times a day, keep you the fittest.

References: Link1 | Link2

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