Coriander is a spice produced from the round, tan-colored seeds of the coriander plant (Coriandrum sativum), which is a member of the parsley family. The word coriander can be used to describe the entire plant: leaves, stems, seeds, and all. But when speaking of coriander, most people are referring to the spice produced from the seeds of the plant.
The leaves of the plant are commonly called cilantro, which comes from the Spanish word for coriander, or Chinese parsley. Coriander roots also appear in culinary use as a pungent addition to Thai curries. Coriander grows as a native plant around the world, including Europe, Asia, Africa and in the Americas.
Coriander is a package of eleven essential oils, six types of acid and lots of mineral and vitamins with many beneficial properties. According to USDA, a 100 gm of coriander has 3.6 gm of carbohydrate, 2.08 gm of protein, 2.50 mg vitamin E, 27 mg vitamin C, 310 mg vitamin K, 055 mg pantothenic acid and more.
Coriander consists of calcium ions which interact with cholinergic (a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system) to reduce chances of cardiovascular conditions such as heart attacks and strokes.
Leaves of coriander provide relief from digestive problems and nausea. They guide the digestive system to produce more digestive enzymes and juices in order to prevent a queasy stomach. They are a good source of fibre too.
One of the many health benefits of coriander is sharp eyesight. The components in coriander (Phosphorus, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Antioxidants) help in the prevention of vision disorders and also reducing stress on the eye. One of its magical quality is that it helps in reversing vision degenerative effects in aging patients due to the presence of b-carotene. It also helps in prevention of infections like conjunctivitis and is used in the making of many eye- related medicines.
Coriander is one ingredient which is used in antiseptic toothpastes and essential oils since it contains a component called Citronelol, which works as an excellent antiseptic. Other benefits offered by other components include healing effects, which prevent ulcers and wounds in the mouth from getting worse.
Coriander is recommended for people who suffer from diseases like osteoporosis. People who want to focus on their bone health should include coriander in their daily diets since it contains calcium along with other minerals (specifically present in the center part of the leaves), which help with bone regrowth, durability and prevention of bone degradation
Cilantro seeds are a source of ascorbic acid, palmitic acid, linoleic acid and steric acid. Consuming such acids support the proper secretion of hormones. Thus, it will lead to proper menstrual cycle and less pain. It works as a natural stimulant. Soak coriander seeds overnight in water and consume next morning for maximum benefits.
Coriander has antioxidant properties. The presence of quercetin (antioxidant), vitamin C and iron strengthen body’s immune system. According to a study of Molecular Neurobiology, diets high in coriander helped target inflammatory pathways and prevent neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, it may help to prevent alzheimer, cancer, small pox and diabetes.
This herb is anti-allergic too. Coriander contains an anti-bacterial compound in it called Dodecenal that kills the Salmonella bacteria. Dodecenal helps to improve oral health too. Thus, it can provide a relief for infections caused by fungus or bacteria.
In today’s time, every other person is suffering from bad cholesterol. This herb can actually help you to increase the level of good cholesterol (HDL) and reduce bad cholesterol (LDL).