Athividayam (Atis Root) Benefits, Medicinal Uses

Athividayam-Atis-Root-Aconitum-heterophyllum

Athividayam (Atis Root) is an important herb used in Indian traditional medicine. Its roots are commonly used for fever management in infants and children. Botanical name of Athividayam is Aconitum heterophyllum.

Athividayam occurs in the alpine Himalayas of Sikkim, Nepal and adjoining parts of southern Tibet also from Kashmir to the Kumaun hills at altitudes of 2500-3900 meters. The root and tuber of the plant are used in internal prescriptions for fevers, rheumatic conditions and for loss of vitality.

The roots are astringent and used in diarrhea, especially in infants, and in dyspepsia, vomiting, cough, irritability of the stomach and colic. Athividayam root is bitter in taste. It has expectorant, febrifuge, anthelmintic, anti-diarrheal, anti-emetic, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is used in diarrhea, dysentery and gastric pain. It is used as a bitter tonic to combat debility after malaria and other fevers. It is also used against hysteria, dyspepsia, vomiting, and cough. Atis root is used in Ayurveda for due to scorpion or snake bite.

Vernacular Names

  • Scientific name: Aconitum heterophyllum
  • Assamese: Aatich
  • Ayurvedic: Ativisha
  • Bengali: Ataicha
  • English: Atis root
  • Gujrati: Ativishni Kali, Ativikhani Kali
  • Hindi: Atis
  • Kannada: Ativisha, Athihage
  • Malayalam:Atividayam, Ativitayam
  • Marathi: Atvisha
  • Oriya: Atushi
  • Punjabi: Atisa, Atees
  • Sanskrit: Ativisa, Aruna, Ghunapriya, Visa
  • Siddha: Athividayam
  • Tamil: Atividayam, Atthiranam, Mathiri, Pankurai
  • Telugu: Ativasa
  • Trade: Atis
  • Unani: Atees
  • Urdu: Atees

Medicinal Properties

  • Antipyretic
  • Antiperiodic
  • Digestive
  • Stomachic
  • Antiemetic
  • Anthelmintic
  • Amapachak – detoxifier
  • Antidiarrheal
  • Blood purifier
  • Breastmilk detoxifier
  • Antimalarial
  • Anti-obesity
  • Antitussive
  • Styptic
  • Anti-hemorrhoidal
  • Absorbent
  • Carminative
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antihyperlipidemic
  • Antioxidant
  • Antihyperglycemic
  • Anti-diabetic
  • Hepatoprotective

Athividayam Benefits & Medicinal Uses

Purified Athividayam reduces fever and fights against several infections. It has the beneficial effects on respiratory and digestive systems. Overall, it improves appetite, ability to digest food properly, and metabolism. It reduces inflammation, fat accumulation and Aam toxins in the body.

Athividayam roots or tubers are beneficial in the treatment of diseases related to lungs & airways, blood, skin, stomach, intestines, and liver.

 

1. Athividayam in Fever Management

Shuddha Athividayam is used to manage the fever. It has antipyretic action, which helps to alleviate and prevent the fever. It is commonly used for managing the fever in infants and children in ayurvedic, siddha pediatric medicine. It acts as diaphoretic and induces perspiration, which helps to lower the fever.

In children, it is used in combination of Godanti Bhasma and given with honey.

In malaria, it acts as antiperiodic and helps to stop the rise of temperature of the body.

 

2. Athividayam treats Diarrhea

Athividayam has antidiarrheal action. It acts as an absorbent, which reduces the liquid content of the stool and binds the stool. Further, it reduces the frequency of the loose stools. For this, it is commonly used along with Nagarmotha and Sonth (dried ginger) powders.

 

3. Common Cold & Flu

Athividayam powder should be mixed in Basil Leaf Juice (Tulsi Svarasa) and honey. It can be given to children for treating common cold and infections of upper respiratory tract. This Athividayam mixture gives relief from nasal blockage, running nose, fever, sneezing and nasal irritation. It also prevents secondary infections.

 

4. Constipation

An equal quantity of powders Atis root (Aconitum heterophyllum), Vach (rhizome of sweet flag), Haritaki (fruit rind of chebulic myrobalan), Chitrak (root of leadwort/Plumbago zeylanica), Yavakshara (salt of potassium and sodium), Pippli (Piper longum) fruit, and rhizome of costus (Saussurea lappa) is mixed. This is taken twice/day with warm water at a dose of 3 to 6 g.

 

5. Cough & Bronchitis

Athividayam powder along with Karkatshringi (Pistacia Integerrima) and honey helps to treat bronchitis and cough. It helps to clear the lungs, reduces inflammation and modulates the mucus secretions.

 

6. Malabsorption

Athividayam has stomachic, digestive, and metabolism enhancer actions, which promotes digestion and metabolism. In ayurveda, malabsorption is associated with Aam (Ama Toxins). Athividayam helps to digest food and promotes a proper assimilation of the foods, which helps to treat malabsorption syndrome. For this purpose, it should be used along with Trikatu Churna or Jeera (Cumin Seeds).

Side Effects of Athividayam

There are no side effects observed if Purified Athividayam is used as per Dosha Analysis. A high dosage (more than 2 grams) can cause constipation. It has RUKSHA (Dry), which means it can produce dryness in the body can cause xerostomia (abnormal dryness of the mouth).

Note: To prevent constipation, it should be used in combination of Kutki powder and it should be mixed in an equal proportion.

References : Link1 | Link2

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